The World Health Organization has blamed unhealthy diet, rich in calories and animal fat, physical inactivity and the use of tobacco as the main causes of chronic degenerative, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Mortality rates in Italy are constantly decreasing and life expectancy has grown from 44-45 years in 1900 to 76-82 years  (in men and women respectively) in 2000.
We’re still making progress, but life expectancy in a good health condition has slowed down since the 90’s. people now live longer but in a worse health condition.

The peak in life expectancy  was hit in the last century; medical and technological progress shows no significant impact on average health. Over 37% of the patients admitted daily and over 49% of the patients who spent more time in hospital are elderly people in serious health conditions. Advanced age is the man cause of most diseases:
The increase in life expectancy goes hand in hand with chronic diseases and impairment, which impact on the on the health of the country’s population and healthcare expenditure.
Measures are needed to achieve balance between higher life expectancy and higher life expectancy in a good health condition. The development of prevention and innovative therapeutic methods is today’s biggest challenge for the healthcare system.

The complexity of metabolic diseases, requires a multidisciplinary approach in terms of diagnosis, prevention, technology.
At Policlinico di Monza every patient can rely on a number of specialists to treat their conditions. This is why we set up our Metabolic Medicine Centre, dedicated to prevention, diagnosis and care of metabolic diseases. Its main activity is to provide multidisciplinary care for  the different endocrine metabolic diseases listed in the picture above.
Diabetology  takes care of those patients suffering from a disease that is often associated with other medical conditions. Dietology does not only treat overweight patients, but also people with chronic super-obesity.

Cardiovascular prevention treats patients with dyslipidemia through a multidisciplinary approach. Its goal is to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases in patients with metabolic diseases.
Endocrinology  deals with the endocrine system, and he several glands it consists of (the thyroid is one of them) and its diseases, that often affect metabolism. Clinical nutrition, takes care of the nutrition of patient in health care. These patients include over-nourished people and people whose malnutrition is caused by other diseases. Exercise medicine deals with the integration of physical exercise to metabolic therapies. Regular exercise combined with drug therapy contributes to the effective treatment of these diseases.

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