Department of Metabolic Medicine

Director of Department  Prof. Gianluca Perseghin

Metabolism is a term that is used to describe all chemical reactions involved in maintaining the living state of the cells and the organism. Our body needs to burn energy in order to move, think and work. Just like cars need petrol.
Food is the the body’s fuel. Protein, fat and carbohydrates are transformed into nutrients, absorbed and then used to produce Energy or stored when we don’t need them.

This complex process and its mechanisms are called metabolism.
The nutrients we take from food are turned into energy through a process called oxidation that is activated by the oxygen we breathe.

Oxydation occurs in human beings, animals and plants.
Calories are burned and  fuel is oxidated. Oxidation starts a chemical process: rusting. 
The more free radicals we produce, the more easily we will fall ill. Diabetes, atherosclerosis and therefore cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks or strokes, but also ageing, cancer, endocrine disorders and even depression are all caused by an excessive amount of free radicals.
This is why our body protects itself  from oxidative stress through antioxidants, substances that neutralise excessive free radicals.

Our body, like any other living creature’s is programmed to use special protection methods, whose effectiveness vary from person to person and depend on each person’s lifestyle. For example, an excessive calorie intake over a long time, whether or not associated with overweight, is more likely to cause illness
The department of Metabolic Medicine at Policlinico di Monza treats all those diseases caused by disorders.
Metabolic Medicine download PDF

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